The Intentional Fallacy
When an author publishes a piece, the piece is created with inspiration from various themes, messages, motives, emotions etc. The intentional fallacy focuses on the authers intentions of the themes within his/her story followed by how readers interpret the text and how critics question it. “It entails many specific truths about inspiration, authenticity, biography, literary history and scholarship, and about some trends of contemporary poetry, especially its allusiveness. There is hardly a problem of literary criticism in which the critic's approach will not be qualified by his view of "intention" This is why death of the author is such a big deal, but when the author isn’t dead, he/she is allowed to say whatever they want to say about their piece.
My illustration shows a group of people reading the same book by the same author. The group consists of critics and readers. This illustration shows how people judge works of authors and how everyone has a different interpretation when reading something. They are commenting on the writing, the messages and various other things that come to mind when reading. Then we have the actual author who explains what he actually wrote about and what his intentions were and how different they can be from how other people see it.
Critics and the public can have a very strong effect on authors. If the authors intentions were not clear to most readers, then they feel that they did not do their jobs correctly and the goals they set out to achieve did not get achieved. Often times, people tend to either overanalyze a piece or under analyze it. The only person who can decide what the true themes are is the author, regardless of critics or readers.