Wyllie's review of Freire's work examines Marxist theories on the class system and education. The main point of this essay is focused around the concept that "Freire's analysis of the social situation is based on the ideas of dialectical materialism; an oppressor class oppresses and an oppressed class is oppressed" (Freire 2). It holds true to the idea of the rich get richer, while the poor get poorer or the idea of wanting to keep those with power in power or those without it, without it. The essay follows the process of the oppressed stating that in the first stage of oppression, instead of shooting for freedom, become oppressors themselves. This essay highlights the Marxist idea that human destiny can only be realized through class struggle. As we read further we learn that there is a problem with revolutionary Marxism and that is that it attempts to persuade the world into a theoretical framework that it cannot and will not fit into. On the education piece, we are told of 'banking education" and how it only benefits the oppressors. Freire describes this as teachers "depositing" information into students. His concern is that this makes the student passive and they only learn what the teacher wants them too, rather than learning some things on their own and enriching their learning.
For my artwork aspect, I chose to draw a student resembling a bank vault and a teacher depositing Critical Theory ideas into that student. I drew this piece to illustrate Freire's idea that this is how we are taught, the teacher gives us ideas on concepts to which we passively accept. He calls this process "banking education" and so I labeled my drawing that for clarification purposes.
There was a ton of stuff in this essay that I found particularly interesting. To start, the biggest thing I noticed was how many times the word revolution was mentioned. Each time I found the word, I highlighted it so when I was done highlighting, the pages were lit up like Christmas trees. I also took note of this statement, " Freire discusses the attitude of the revolutionary leaders towards education. He lectures them to avoid communicating with the oppressed via communiqués; the revolutionary leaders must dialog with the oppressed otherwise the relationship is one of domination and the revolution is not authentic." (Freire 2). I guess I got a little confused by this last part because revolution usually results as a spurn against dominance, so wouldn't the revolution actually be authentic?